This class comprises the action of making categorical hypotheses based on inference rules and theories; By categorical
hypotheses we mean assumptions about the kinds of interactions and related kinds of structures of a domain that have the character of
“laws” of nature or human behavior, be it necessary or probabilistic. Categorical hypotheses are developed by “induction” from finite
numbers of observation and the absence of observations of particular kinds. As such, categorical hypotheses are always subject to
falsification by new evidence. Instances of S8 Categorical Hypothesis Building include making and questioning categorical hypotheses.