Bond – socE

socE Bond

Scope note:

This class comprises phenomena of formally defined and socially respected bindings between different instances of E39 Actors or between multiple actors and instances of E70 Thing. Instances of SOxxx Formal Social Binding come into being and end with an explicit act of declaration or indirectly through other publicly acknowledged events, such as via heritage at birth or death. Depending on their type, they are associated with characteristic rights and obligations, which are subject to the formal legal system of the respecting society, regardless whether this is based on written laws or oral tradition.

Formal Social Bindings are not observable as such, even though the behavior of involved actors may suggest their existence, such as being married. They are exclusively a consequence of the establishing event, which should be kept as social memory in a persistent documented form or as oral tradition, and the continued respect of this kind of binding by a target community. For instance, a community may declare a certain kind of marriage as invalid from some date on, and later redeclare it as valid. Their existence does not depend on the existence of social memory. Documents may be lost or involved actors may not have been aware of the respective establishing events, but later evidence of the establishing events may be found. In these cases, the society may not act according to the respective rights and obligations as long as the fact remains unknown, but is obliged to when the necessary evidence has been provided. Involved actors may have difficulties proving the existence of the binding to authorities when respective documents are lost, but that does not affect their actual existence. However, certain legal systems may require in certain kinds of cases the provision of evidence itself as part of the establishing event.

In some contexts, Formal Social Bindings are also called social institutions. Examples include memberships, employments, ownerships, rights of use, marriage, parenthood and others. In documentation practice, instances of Formal Social Bindings may by shortcut by simple binary relations, such as “is married to”.

Examples:

John owns his house

In First Order Logic:

  • socE(x) ⊃ E2(x)

Ongoing properties:

Scope Notes

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This class comprises phenomena of formally defined and socially respected bindings between different instances of E39 Actors or between multiple actors and instances of E70 Thing. Instances of SOxxx Formal Social Binding come into being and end with an explicit act of declaration or indirectly through other publicly acknowledged events, such as via heritage at birth or death. Depending on their type, they are associated with characteristic rights and obligations, which are subject to the formal legal system of the respecting society, regardless whether this is based on written laws or oral tradition.Formal Social Bindings are not observable as such, even though the behavior of involved actors may suggest their existence, such as being married. They are exclusively a consequence of the establishing event, which should be kept as social memory in a persistent documented form or as oral tradition, and the continued respect of this kind of binding by a target community. For instance, a community may declare a certain kind of marriage as invalid from some date on, and later redeclare it as valid. Their existence does not depend on the existence of social memory. Documents may be lost or involved actors may not have been aware of the respective establishing events, but later evidence of the establishing events may be found. In these cases, the society may not act according to the respective rights and obligations as long as the fact remains unknown, but is obliged to when the necessary evidence has been provided. Involved actors may have difficulties proving the existence of the binding to authorities when respective documents are lost, but that does not affect their actual existence. However, certain legal systems may require in certain kinds of cases the provision of evidence itself as part of the establishing event.In some contexts, Formal Social Bindings are also called social institutions. Examples include memberships, employments, ownerships, rights of use, marriage, parenthood and others. In documentation practice, instances of Formal Social Bindings may by shortcut by simple binary relations, such as “is married to”. en

Examples

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John owns his house en WIP

Additional notes

Show Notes Language Namespace View details and comments
Updated scope notw to match Martin's SIG post on the 16th Feb 2019. en WIP

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details and comments
Bond en 2019-02-04

Namespace

Namespace URI Last updated
http://dataforhistory.org/cidoc-crm/CRMsoc/0/1/ongoing 2019-04-02

Parent classes

Class identifier Justification Root namespace View association
Temporal Entity – E2 http://dataforhistory.org/imported_ontology/cidoc-crm/base/

Ancestor classes

Class identifier Depth Root namespace
E1 CRM Entity 2 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 3 CIDOC CRM
Thing Thing 3 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
Thing Thing 4 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
S15 Observable Entity 2 CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support scientific observation

Childs and descendant classes

Class identifier Depth Root namespace
socE Ownership 1 CRMsoc. An extension of CIDOC CRM for capturing social documentation
socE Social Bond 1 CRMsoc. An extension of CIDOC CRM for capturing social documentation
socE Relationship 2 CRMsoc. An extension of CIDOC CRM for capturing social documentation

Equivalent classes

Class identifier Root namespace

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
socE Bond socP1 binds E39 Actor CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing
socE Bond socP6 to E77 Persistent Item CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
socE Bond (is a E1 CRM Entity) P1 is identified by E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 6.2
socE Bond (is a E1 CRM Entity) P2 has type E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
socE Bond (is a E1 CRM Entity) P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 6.2
socE Bond (is a E1 CRM Entity) P48 has preferred identifier E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 6.2
socE Bond (is a E1 CRM Entity) P137 exemplifies E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
socE Bond (is a E1 CRM Entity) geovP2 is mentioned in geovC5 Expression section Geovistory ongoing
socE Bond (is a E1 CRM Entity) L47 has comment E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
socE Bond (is a E1 CRM Entity) L4 has preferred label E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
socE Bond (is a E1 CRM Entity) L53 is not uniquely identified by E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
socE Bond (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 6.2
socE Bond (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P114 is equal in time to E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
socE Bond (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P115 finishes E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
socE Bond (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P116 starts E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
socE Bond (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P117 occurs during E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
socE Bond (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P118 overlaps in time with E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
socE Bond (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P119 meets in time with E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
socE Bond (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P120 occurs before E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
socE Bond (is a E2 Temporal Entity) histP1 involves E77 Persistent Item Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
socE Bond (is a Thing Thing) topObjectProperty Thing Thing The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary (OWL 2)
socE Bond (is a S15 Observable Entity) O12 has dimension (is dimension of) E54 Dimension CRMsci version 1.2.3

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E2 Temporal Entity P114 is equal in time to Bond – socE (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E2 Temporal Entity P115 finishes Bond – socE (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E2 Temporal Entity P116 starts Bond – socE (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E2 Temporal Entity P117 occurs during Bond – socE (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E2 Temporal Entity P118 overlaps in time with Bond – socE (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E2 Temporal Entity P119 meets in time with Bond – socE (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E2 Temporal Entity P120 occurs before Bond – socE (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P15 was influenced by Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P17 was motivated by Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P140 assigned attribute to Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P141 assigned Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E16 Measurement P39 measured Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E17 Type Assignment P41 classified Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing P62 depicts Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E31 Document P70 documents Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E32 Authority Document P71 lists Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E36 Visual Item P138 represents Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E83 Type Creation P136 was based on Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P129 is about Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P67 refers to Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
histC2 Geographical localisation histP12 is location of Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
Thing Thing topObjectProperty Bond – socE (is a Thing Thing) The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary (OWL 2)
F29 Recording Event R20 recorded Bond – socE (is a E2 Temporal Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F35 Nomen Use Statement R38 refers to thema Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F40 Identifier Assignment R45 assigned to Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F51 Pursuit R59 had typical subject Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F52 Name Use Activity R63 named Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
histC10 Appellation for language histP9 isAppellationOf Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
S4 Observation O16 observed value (value was observed by) Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S4 Observation O8 observed (was observed by) Bond – socE (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S6 Data Evaluation O11 described (was described by) Bond – socE (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S21 Measurement O24 measured (was measured by) Bond – socE (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
socE Activity Plan socP100 planned for Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing
D2 Digitization Process L60 documents Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2
D29 Annotation Object L43 annotates Bond – socE (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2

Profiles using this class

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