Excavation Process Unit – A1

A1 Excavation Process Unit

Scope note:

This class comprises activities of excavating in the sense of archaeology which are documented as a coherent set of actions of progressively recording and removing matter from a pre-specified location under specific rules. Typically, an excavation process unit would be terminated if significant discontinuities of substance or finds come to light, or if the activity should be interrupted due to external factors, such as end of a working day. In other cases, the termination would be based on predefined physical specifications, such as the boundaries of a maximal volume of matter intended to be excavated in one unit of excavation. Depending on the methodology, an instance of A1 Excavation Process Unit may intend to remove matter only within the boundaries of a particular stratigraphic unit, or it may follow a pre-declared spatial extent such as a trench. It may only uncover, clean or expose a structure or parts of it. The process of excavation results in the production of a set of recorded (documentation) data that should be sufficient to provide researchers enough information regarding the consistence and spatial distribution of the excavated Segment of Matter and things and features embedded in it. Some parts or all of the removed physical material (S11 Amount of Matter) may be dispersed, whereas others may be kept in custody in the form of finds or samples, while others (such as parts of walls) may be left at the place of their discovery. The data produced by an instance of excavation process unit should pertain to the material state of matter at excavation time only and should well be distinguished from subsequent interpretation about the causes for this state of matter.

Examples:

No example yet.

In First Order Logic:

  • A1(x) ⊃ E6(x)
  • A1(x) ⊃ S1(x)
  • A1(x) ⊃ S4(x)

Scope Notes

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This class comprises activities of excavating in the sense of archaeology which are documented as a coherent set of actions of progressively recording and removing matter from a pre-specified location under specific rules. Typically, an excavation process unit would be terminated if significant discontinuities of substance or finds come to light, or if the activity should be interrupted due to external factors, such as end of a working day. In other cases, the termination would be based on predefined physical specifications, such as the boundaries of a maximal volume of matter intended to be excavated in one unit of excavation. Depending on the methodology, an instance of A1 Excavation Process Unit may intend to remove matter only within the boundaries of a particular stratigraphic unit, or it may follow a pre-declared spatial extent such as a trench. It may only uncover, clean or expose a structure or parts of it. The process of excavation results in the production of a set of recorded (documentation) data that should be sufficient to provide researchers enough information regarding the consistence and spatial distribution of the excavated Segment of Matter and things and features embedded in it. Some parts or all of the removed physical material (S11 Amount of Matter) may be dispersed, whereas others may be kept in custody in the form of finds or samples, while others (such as parts of walls) may be left at the place of their discovery. The data produced by an instance of excavation process unit should pertain to the material state of matter at excavation time only and should well be distinguished from subsequent interpretation about the causes for this state of matter. en

Examples

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Additional notes

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Labels

Label Language Last updated View details and comments
Excavation Process Unit en 2018-06-22

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1 2019-04-02

Parent classes

Class Justification Root namespace View association
E6 Destruction CIDOC CRM
S1 Matter Removal CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support scientific observation
S4 Observation CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support scientific observation

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Root namespace
E1 CRM Entity 6 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 7 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 8 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 9 CIDOC CRM
E2 Temporal Entity 5 CIDOC CRM
E2 Temporal Entity 6 CIDOC CRM
E2 Temporal Entity 7 CIDOC CRM
E4 Period 4 CIDOC CRM
E4 Period 5 CIDOC CRM
E4 Period 6 CIDOC CRM
E5 Event 3 CIDOC CRM
E5 Event 4 CIDOC CRM
E5 Event 5 CIDOC CRM
E7 Activity 2 CIDOC CRM
E7 Activity 3 CIDOC CRM
E7 Activity 4 CIDOC CRM
E13 Attribute Assignment 2 CIDOC CRM
E13 Attribute Assignment 3 CIDOC CRM
E64 End of Existence 2 CIDOC CRM
E92 Spacetime Volume 5 CIDOC CRM
E92 Spacetime Volume 6 CIDOC CRM
E92 Spacetime Volume 7 CIDOC CRM
E92 Spacetime Volume 8 CIDOC CRM
Thing Thing 7 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
Thing Thing 8 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
Thing Thing 9 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
Thing Thing 10 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume 5 CRMgeo: a Spatiotemporal Model
SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume 6 CRMgeo: a Spatiotemporal Model
SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume 7 CRMgeo: a Spatiotemporal Model
Feature Feature 6 GeoSPARQL
Feature Feature 7 GeoSPARQL
Feature Feature 8 GeoSPARQL
SpatialObject SpatialObject 7 GeoSPARQL
SpatialObject SpatialObject 8 GeoSPARQL
SpatialObject SpatialObject 9 GeoSPARQL
S15 Observable Entity 6 CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support scientific observation
S15 Observable Entity 7 CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support scientific observation
S15 Observable Entity 8 CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support scientific observation
I1 Argumentation 2 CRMinf: An Extension of CIDOC-CRM to support argumentation

Childs and descendant classes

Class identifier Depth Root namespace

Equivalent classes

Class identifier Root namespace

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
A1 Excavation Process Unit AP1 produced S11 Amount of Matter CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A1 Excavation Process Unit AP10 destroyed S22 Segment of Matter CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A1 Excavation Process Unit AP2 discarded into S11 Amount of Matter CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A1 Excavation Process Unit AP3 excavated E53 Place CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A1 Excavation Process Unit AP4 produced surface S20 Physical Feature CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A1 Excavation Process Unit AP5 removed part or all of A8 Stratigraphic Unit CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A1 Excavation Process Unit AP6 intended to approximate A3 Stratigraphic Interface CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) P1 is identified by E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) P2 has type E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) P48 has preferred identifier E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) P137 exemplifies E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) geovP2 is mentioned in geovC5 Expression section Geovistory ongoing
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) L47 has comment E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) L4 has preferred label E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) L53 is not uniquely identified by E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P4 has time-span E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P114 is equal in time to E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P115 finishes E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P116 starts E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P117 occurs during E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P118 overlaps in time with E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P119 meets in time with E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) P120 occurs before E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) histP1 involves E77 Persistent Item Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E4 Period) P7 took place at E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E4 Period) P8 took place on or within E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E4 Period) P9 consists of E4 Period CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E4 Period) Q1 occupied SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume CRMgeo version 1.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E5 Event) P11 had participant E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E5 Event) P12 occurred in the presence of E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E5 Event) O13 triggers (is triggered by) E5 Event CRMsci version 1.2.3
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E5 Event) O14 initializes (is initialized by) S16 State CRMsci version 1.2.3
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E5 Event) histP18 has event type histC4 Event type Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E6 Destruction) P13 destroyed E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) P14 carried out by E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) P15 was influenced by E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) P16 used specific object E70 Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) P17 was motivated by E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) P19 was intended use of E71 Man-Made Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) P20 had specific purpose E5 Event CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) P21 had general purpose E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) P32 used general technique E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) P33 used specific technique E29 Design or Procedure CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) P125 used object of type E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) P134 continued E7 Activity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) socP5 realized (duplicate, delete) socE Activity Plan CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) L29 has responsible organization E40 Legal Body CRMdig version 3.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) L30 has operator E21 Person CRMdig version 3.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) L34 has contractor E40 Legal Body CRMdig version 3.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) L35 has commissioner E40 Legal Body CRMdig version 3.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) socP17 realised (was realised by) socE Activity Plan CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E13 Attribute Assignment) P140 assigned attribute to E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E13 Attribute Assignment) P141 assigned E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E64 End of Existence) P93 took out of existence E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P10 falls within E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P132 overlaps with E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P133 is separated from E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P160 has temporal projection E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P161 has spatial projection E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a Thing Thing) topObjectProperty Thing Thing The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary (OWL 2)
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) Q3 has temporal projection SP13 Phenomenal Time-Span CRMgeo version 1.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) Q4 has spatial projection SP2 Phenomenal Place CRMgeo version 1.2
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a S1 Matter Removal) O1 diminished (was diminished by) S10 Material Substantial CRMsci version 1.2.3
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a S1 Matter Removal) O2 removed (was removed by) S11 Amount of Matter CRMsci version 1.2.3
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a S4 Observation) O8 observed (was observed by) S15 Observable Entity CRMsci version 1.2.3
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a S4 Observation) O9 observed property type (property type was observed by) S9 Property Type CRMsci version 1.2.3
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a S4 Observation) O16 observed value (value was observed by) E1 CRM Entity CRMsci version 1.2.3
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a S15 Observable Entity) O12 has dimension (is dimension of) E54 Dimension CRMsci version 1.2.3
A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a I1 Argumentation) J2 conclued that I2 Belief CRMinf version 0.7

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E2 Temporal Entity P114 is equal in time to A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E2 Temporal Entity P115 finishes A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E2 Temporal Entity P116 starts A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E2 Temporal Entity P117 occurs during A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E2 Temporal Entity P118 overlaps in time with A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E2 Temporal Entity P119 meets in time with A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E2 Temporal Entity P120 occurs before A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E4 Period P9 consists of A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E4 Period) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E4 Period Q1 occupied A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) CRMgeo version 1.2
E5 Event O13 triggers (is triggered by) A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E5 Event) CRMsci version 1.2.3
E7 Activity P134 continued A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E7 Activity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P15 was influenced by A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P17 was motivated by A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P20 had specific purpose A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E5 Event) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P140 assigned attribute to A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P141 assigned A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E16 Measurement P39 measured A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E17 Type Assignment P41 classified A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing Q2 occupied A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) CRMgeo version 1.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing P62 depicts A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E31 Document P70 documents A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E32 Authority Document P71 lists A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E36 Visual Item P138 represents A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E83 Type Creation P136 was based on A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P129 is about A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P67 refers to A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P10 falls within A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P132 overlaps with A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P133 is separated from A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E93 Presence P166 was a presence of A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
TyIn104 Présence objet_(être_l')_|_Présence A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E5 Event) symogih.org ontology v.1.3 ongoing
histC1 Persistent item condition or characteristic histP2 wasInitiatedBy A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E5 Event) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
histC1 Persistent item condition or characteristic histP3 wasTerminatedBy A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E5 Event) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
histC2 Geographical localisation histP12 is location of A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
Thing Thing topObjectProperty A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a Thing Thing) The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary (OWL 2)
F29 Recording Event R20 recorded A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E2 Temporal Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F35 Nomen Use Statement R38 refers to thema A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F40 Identifier Assignment R45 assigned to A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F51 Pursuit R59 had typical subject A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F52 Name Use Activity R63 named A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
SP7 Declarative Spacetime Volume Q12 approximates A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CRMgeo version 1.2
SP11 Temporal Reference System Q19 has reference event A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E5 Event) CRMgeo version 1.2
histC10 Appellation for language histP9 isAppellationOf A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
S4 Observation O16 observed value (value was observed by) A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S4 Observation O8 observed (was observed by) A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S6 Data Evaluation O11 described (was described by) A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S21 Measurement O24 measured (was measured by) A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S22 Segment of Matter O23 is defined by (defines) A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CRMsci version 1.2.3
socE Activity Plan socP100 planned for A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing
D2 Digitization Process L60 documents A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2
D29 Annotation Object L43 annotates A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2
socE Intention to Apply socP15 was initiated by (initiated) A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E5 Event) CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing
socE Intention to Apply socP16 was ended by (ended) A1 Excavation Process Unit (is a E5 Event) CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing

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