Physical Feature – S20

S20 Physical Feature

Scope note:

This class comprises identifiable features that are physically attached in an integral way to particular physical objects. An instance of S20 Physical Feature also represents the place it occupies with respect to the surrounding matter. More precisely, it is the maximal real volume in space that an instance of S20 Physical Feature is occupying during its lifetime with respect to the default reference space relative to which the feature is at rest. In cases of features on or in the surface of earth, the default reference is typically fixed to the closer environment of the tectonic plate or sea floor. In cases of features on mobile objects, the reference space is typically fixed to the geometry of the bearing object. Instances of E26 Physical Feature share many of the attributes of instances of E19 Physical Object. They may have a one-, two- or three-dimensional geometric extent, but there are no natural borders that separate them completely in an objective way from the carrier objects. For example, a doorway is a feature but the door itself, being attached by hinges, is not. Instances of E26 Physical Feature can be features in a narrower sense, such as scratches, holes, reliefs, surface colors, reflection zones in an opal crystal or a density change in a piece of wood. In the wider sense, they are portions of particular objects with partially imaginary borders, such as the core of the Earth, an area of property on the surface of the Earth, a landscape or the head of a contiguous marble statue. They can be measured and dated, and it is sometimes possible to state who or what is or was responsible for them. They cannot be separated from the carrier object, but a segment of the carrier object may be identified (or sometimes removed) carrying the complete feature. This definition coincides with the definition of "fiat objects" (Smith and Varzi, 2000, pp.401-420), with the exception of aggregates of “bona fide objects”.

Examples:

No example yet.

In First Order Logic:

  • S20(x) ⊃ E18(x)
  • S20(x) ⊃ E53(x)

Scope Notes

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This class comprises identifiable features that are physically attached in an integral way to particular physical objects. An instance of S20 Physical Feature also represents the place it occupies with respect to the surrounding matter. More precisely, it is the maximal real volume in space that an instance of S20 Physical Feature is occupying during its lifetime with respect to the default reference space relative to which the feature is at rest. In cases of features on or in the surface of earth, the default reference is typically fixed to the closer environment of the tectonic plate or sea floor. In cases of features on mobile objects, the reference space is typically fixed to the geometry of the bearing object. Instances of E26 Physical Feature share many of the attributes of instances of E19 Physical Object. They may have a one-, two- or three-dimensional geometric extent, but there are no natural borders that separate them completely in an objective way from the carrier objects. For example, a doorway is a feature but the door itself, being attached by hinges, is not. Instances of E26 Physical Feature can be features in a narrower sense, such as scratches, holes, reliefs, surface colors, reflection zones in an opal crystal or a density change in a piece of wood. In the wider sense, they are portions of particular objects with partially imaginary borders, such as the core of the Earth, an area of property on the surface of the Earth, a landscape or the head of a contiguous marble statue. They can be measured and dated, and it is sometimes possible to state who or what is or was responsible for them. They cannot be separated from the carrier object, but a segment of the carrier object may be identified (or sometimes removed) carrying the complete feature. This definition coincides with the definition of "fiat objects" (Smith and Varzi, 2000, pp.401-420), with the exception of aggregates of “bona fide objects”. en

Examples

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Additional notes

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Labels

Label Language Last updated View details and comments
Physical Feature en 2018-06-22

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CRMsci version 1.2.3 2019-04-02

Parent classes

Class Justification Root namespace View association
E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM
E53 Place CIDOC CRM

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Root namespace
E1 CRM Entity 2 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 3 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 4 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 5 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 6 CIDOC CRM
E70 Thing 3 CIDOC CRM
E72 Legal Object 2 CIDOC CRM
E77 Persistent Item 4 CIDOC CRM
E92 Spacetime Volume 2 CIDOC CRM
E92 Spacetime Volume 3 CIDOC CRM
Thing Thing 3 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
Thing Thing 4 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
Thing Thing 5 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
Thing Thing 6 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
Thing Thing 7 The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary
SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume 2 CRMgeo: a Spatiotemporal Model
Feature Feature 3 GeoSPARQL
SpatialObject SpatialObject 4 GeoSPARQL
S10 Material Substantial 2 CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support scientific observation
S15 Observable Entity 5 CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support scientific observation

Childs and descendant classes

Class identifier Depth Root namespace
E25 Man-Made Feature 1 CIDOC CRM
E27 Site 1 CIDOC CRM
F53 Material Copy 2 FRBRoo: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
S22 Segment of Matter 1 CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support scientific observation
A2 Stratigraphic Volume Unit 2 CRMarchaeo: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support the archaeological excavation process
A3 Stratigraphic Interface 2 CRMarchaeo: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support the archaeological excavation process
A8 Stratigraphic Unit 1 CRMarchaeo: An Extension of CIDOC CRM to support the archaeological excavation process

Equivalent classes

Class identifier Root namespace

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) P1 is identified by E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) P2 has type E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) P48 has preferred identifier E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) P137 exemplifies E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) geovP2 is mentioned in geovC5 Expression section Geovistory ongoing
S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) L47 has comment E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) L4 has preferred label E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) L53 is not uniquely identified by E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P44 has condition E3 Condition State CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P45 consists of E57 Material CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P46 is composed of E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P49 has former or current keeper E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P50 has current keeper E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P51 has former or current owner E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P52 has current owner E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P53 has former or current location E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P58 has section definition E46 Section Definition CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P59 has section E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P128 carries E90 Symbolic Object CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) P156 occupies E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) Q2 occupied SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume CRMgeo version 1.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) P87 is identified by E44 Place Appellation CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) P89 falls within E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) P121 overlaps with E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) P122 borders with E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) P157 is at rest relative to E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) P168 place is defined by E94 Space Primitive CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) Q5 defined in SP3 Reference Space CRMgeo version 1.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) O7 contains or confines (is contained or confined) E53 Place CRMsci version 1.2.3
S20 Physical Feature (is a E70 Thing) P43 has dimension E54 Dimension CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E70 Thing) P101 had as general use E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E70 Thing) P130 shows features of E70 Thing CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E72 Legal Object) P104 is subject to E30 Right CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E72 Legal Object) P105 right held by E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P10 falls within E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P132 overlaps with E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P133 is separated from E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P160 has temporal projection E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P161 has spatial projection E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 6.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a Thing Thing) topObjectProperty Thing Thing The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary (OWL 2)
S20 Physical Feature (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) Q3 has temporal projection SP13 Phenomenal Time-Span CRMgeo version 1.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) Q4 has spatial projection SP2 Phenomenal Place CRMgeo version 1.2
S20 Physical Feature (is a S10 Material Substantial) O15 occupied (was occupied by) E53 Place CRMsci version 1.2.3
S20 Physical Feature (is a S15 Observable Entity) O12 has dimension (is dimension of) E54 Dimension CRMsci version 1.2.3

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
S22 Segment of Matter O22 partly or completely contains (is part of) S20 Physical Feature CRMsci version 1.2.3
A1 Excavation Process Unit AP4 produced surface S20 Physical Feature CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E2 Temporal Entity histP1 involves S20 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
E4 Period P7 took place at S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E4 Period P8 took place on or within S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E4 Period Q1 occupied S20 Physical Feature (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) CRMgeo version 1.2
E5 Event P12 occurred in the presence of S20 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E6 Destruction P13 destroyed S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P15 was influenced by S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P16 used specific object S20 Physical Feature (is a E70 Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P17 was motivated by S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E8 Acquisition P24 transferred title of S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E9 Move P26 moved to S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E9 Move P27 moved from S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E10 Transfer of Custody P30 transferred custody of S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P140 assigned attribute to S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P141 assigned S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E14 Condition Assessment P34 concerned S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E16 Measurement P39 measured S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E17 Type Assignment P41 classified S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P156 occupies S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P46 is composed of S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P53 has former or current location S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P59 has section S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing Q2 occupied S20 Physical Feature (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) CRMgeo version 1.2
E19 Physical Object P54 has current permanent location S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E19 Physical Object P55 has current location S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing P62 depicts S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E31 Document P70 documents S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E32 Authority Document P71 lists S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E36 Visual Item P138 represents S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E39 Actor P74 has current or former residence S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E53 Place O7 contains or confines (is contained or confined) S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CRMsci version 1.2.3
E53 Place P121 overlaps with S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E53 Place P122 borders with S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E53 Place P157 is at rest relative to S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E53 Place P89 falls within S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E63 Beginning of Existence P92 brought into existence S20 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E64 End of Existence P93 took out of existence S20 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E70 Thing P130 shows features of S20 Physical Feature (is a E70 Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E79 Part Addition P111 added S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E80 Part Removal P113 removed S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E81 Transformation P123 resulted in S20 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E81 Transformation P124 transformed S20 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E83 Type Creation P136 was based on S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P129 is about S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P67 refers to S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P10 falls within S20 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P132 overlaps with S20 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P133 is separated from S20 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P161 has spatial projection S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E93 Presence P166 was a presence of S20 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
E93 Presence P167 was at S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CIDOC CRM version 6.2
histC1 Persistent item condition or characteristic histP4 pertainsTo S20 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
histC2 Geographical localisation histP12 is location of S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
Thing Thing topObjectProperty S20 Physical Feature (is a Thing Thing) The OWL 2 Schema vocabulary (OWL 2)
F29 Recording Event R65 recorded aspects of S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) FRBRoo version 2.4
F35 Nomen Use Statement R38 refers to thema S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F40 Identifier Assignment R45 assigned to S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F51 Pursuit R59 had typical subject S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F52 Name Use Activity R63 named S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
SP3 Reference Space Q6 is at rest in relation to S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMgeo version 1.2
SP6 Declarative Place Q11 approximates S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CRMgeo version 1.2
SP7 Declarative Spacetime Volume Q12 approximates S20 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CRMgeo version 1.2
histC10 Appellation for language histP9 isAppellationOf S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
S1 Matter Removal O1 diminished (was diminished by) S20 Physical Feature (is a S10 Material Substantial) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S2 Sample Taking O3 sampled from (was sample by) S20 Physical Feature (is a S10 Material Substantial) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S2 Sample Taking O4 sampled at (was sampling location of) S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S4 Observation O16 observed value (value was observed by) S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S4 Observation O8 observed (was observed by) S20 Physical Feature (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S6 Data Evaluation O11 described (was described by) S20 Physical Feature (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S10 Material Substantial O15 occupied (was occupied by) S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S17 Physical Genesis O17 generated (was generated by) S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S18 Alteration O18 altered (was altered by) S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S19 Encounter Event O19 O19 has found object (was object found by) S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S19 Encounter Event O21 has found at (witnessed) S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S21 Measurement O24 measured (was measured by) S20 Physical Feature (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S22 Segment of Matter O23 is defined by (defines) S20 Physical Feature (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CRMsci version 1.2.3
A1 Excavation Process Unit AP3 excavated S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A4 Stratigraphic Genesis AP9 took matter from S20 Physical Feature (is a S10 Material Substantial) CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A7 Embedding AP18 is embedding of S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A7 Embedding AP20 is embedding at S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A8 Stratigraphic Unit AP15 is or contains remains of S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
socE Bond socP6 to S20 Physical Feature (is a E77 Persistent Item) CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing
geovC3 Spot geovP3 is localized at place S20 Physical Feature (is a E53 Place) Geovistory ongoing
socE Activity Plan socP100 planned for S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing
D2 Digitization Process L1 digitized S20 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMdig version 3.2
D2 Digitization Process L60 documents S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2
D29 Annotation Object L43 annotates S20 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2

Profiles using this class

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