Physical Man-Made Thing – E24

E24 Physical Man-Made Thing

Scope note:

This class comprises all persistent physical items that are purposely created by human activity. This class comprises man-made objects, such as a swords, and man-made features, such as rock art. No assumptions are made as to the extent of modification required to justify regarding an object as man-made. For example, a “cup and ring” carving on bedrock is regarded as instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing.

Examples:

    • the Forth Railway Bridge (E22) 
    • the Channel Tunnel (E25) 
    • the Historical Collection of the Museum Benaki in Athens (E78)

In First Order Logic:

  • E24(x) ⊃ E18(x)
  • E24(x) ⊃ E71(x)

Scope Notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace
This class comprises all persistent physical items that are purposely created by human activity. This class comprises man-made objects, such as a swords, and man-made features, such as rock art. No assumptions are made as to the extent of modification required to justify regarding an object as man-made. For example, a “cup and ring” carving on bedrock is regarded as instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. en

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace
the Forth Railway Bridge (E22)  the Channel Tunnel (E25)  the Historical Collection of the Museum Benaki in Athens (E78) en WIP

Additional notes

Show Notes Language Namespace

Namespace

Namespace URI Last updated
http://dataforhistory.org/imported_ontology/cidoc-crm/base/6/2/ 2019-03-22

Parent classes

Class identifier Justification Root namespace View association
Physical Thing – E18 http://dataforhistory.org/imported_ontology/cidoc-crm/base/
Man-Made Thing – E71 http://dataforhistory.org/imported_ontology/cidoc-crm/base/

Ancestor classes

Class identifier Depth Root namespace
E1 CRM Entity 3 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 4 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 5 CIDOC CRM
E1 CRM Entity 6 CIDOC CRM
E70 Thing 2 CIDOC CRM
E70 Thing 3 CIDOC CRM
E72 Legal Object 2 CIDOC CRM
E77 Persistent Item 3 CIDOC CRM
E77 Persistent Item 4 CIDOC CRM
E92 Spacetime Volume 2 CIDOC CRM
E92 Spacetime Volume 3 CIDOC CRM
Thing Thing 4 The OWL 2 SCHEMA vocabulary(OWL 2)
Thing Thing 5 The OWL 2 SCHEMA vocabulary(OWL 2)
Thing Thing 6 The OWL 2 SCHEMA vocabulary(OWL 2)
Thing Thing 7 The OWL 2 SCHEMA vocabulary(OWL 2)
SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume 2 CRMgeo: a Spatiotemporal Model
Feature Feature 3 GeoSPARQL
SpatialObject SpatialObject 4 GeoSPARQL
S10 Material Substantial 2 CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC-CRM to support scientific observation
S15 Observable Entity 4 CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC-CRM to support scientific observation
S15 Observable Entity 5 CRMsci: An Extension of CIDOC-CRM to support scientific observation

Childs and descendant classes

Class identifier Depth Root namespace
E22 Man-Made Object 1 CIDOC CRM
E25 Man-Made Feature 1 CIDOC CRM
E78 Collection 1 CIDOC CRM
E84 Information Carrier 2 CIDOC CRM
F4 Manifestation Singleton 1 FRBRoo: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
F5 Item 4 FRBRoo: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
F53 Material Copy 2 FRBRoo: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
F53 Material Copy 4 FRBRoo: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
F54 Utilized Information Carrier 3 FRBRoo: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
Buil Building 3 symogih.org ontology
BuPa Building Part 3 symogih.org ontology
GrBu Group of Buildings 3 symogih.org ontology
ImCo Immovable Construction 2 symogih.org ontology
Infra Infrastructure 3 symogih.org ontology
histC11 Built work 1 Data for history
D8 Digital Device 2 CRMdig: An Extension of CIDOC-CRM to support provenance metadata
D13 Digital Information Carrier 3 CRMdig: An Extension of CIDOC-CRM to support provenance metadata

Equivalent classes

Class identifier Root namespace

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing L33 has maker E39 Actor CRMdig version 3.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing P62 depicts E1 CRM Entity CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing P65 shows visual item E36 Visual Item CIDOC-CRM version 6.2

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) P1 is identified by E41 Appellation CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) P2 has type E55 Type CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) P3 has note E62 String CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) P48 has preferred identifier E42 Identifier CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) P137 exemplifies E55 Type CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) geovP2 is mentioned in E28 Conceptual Object Geovistory ongoing
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) L47 has comment E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) L4 has preferred label E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E1 CRM Entity) L53 is not uniquely identified by E62 String CRMdig version 3.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E18 Physical Thing) P44 has condition E3 Condition State CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E18 Physical Thing) P45 consists of E57 Material CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E18 Physical Thing) P46 is composed of E18 Physical Thing CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E18 Physical Thing) P49 has former or current keeper E39 Actor CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E18 Physical Thing) P50 has current keeper E39 Actor CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E18 Physical Thing) P51 has former or current owner E39 Actor CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E18 Physical Thing) P52 has current owner E39 Actor CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E18 Physical Thing) P53 has former or current location E53 Place CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E18 Physical Thing) P58 has section definition E46 Section Definition CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E18 Physical Thing) P59 has section E53 Place CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E18 Physical Thing) P128 carries E90 Symbolic Object CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E18 Physical Thing) P156 occupies E53 Place CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E18 Physical Thing) Q2 occupied SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume CRMgeo version 1.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E70 Thing) P43 has dimension E54 Dimension CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E70 Thing) P101 had as general use E55 Type CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E70 Thing) P130 shows features of E70 Thing CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E71 Man-Made Thing) P102 has title E35 Title CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E71 Man-Made Thing) P103 was intended for E55 Type CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E72 Legal Object) P104 is subject to E30 Right CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E72 Legal Object) P105 right held by E39 Actor CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P10 falls within E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P132 overlaps with E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P133 is separated from E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P160 has temporal projection E52 Time-Span CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) P161 has spatial projection E53 Place CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a Thing Thing) topObjectProperty Thing Thing The OWL 2 SCHEMA vocabulary(OWL 2)
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) Q3 has temporal projection SP13 Phenomenal Time-Span CRMgeo version 1.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) Q4 has spatial projection SP2 Phenomenal Place CRMgeo version 1.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a S10 Material Substantial) O15 occupied (was occupied by) E53 Place CRMsci version 1.2.3
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (is a S15 Observable Entity) O12 has dimension (is dimension of) E54 Dimension CRMsci version 1.2.3

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E11 Modification P31 has modified E24 Physical Man-Made Thing CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E12 Production P108 has produced E24 Physical Man-Made Thing CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E79 Part Addition P110 augmented E24 Physical Man-Made Thing CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E80 Part Removal P112 diminished E24 Physical Man-Made Thing CIDOC-CRM version 6.2

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E2 Temporal Entity histP1 involves Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E77 Persistent Item) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
E4 Period P8 took place on or within Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E4 Period Q1 occupied Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) CRMgeo version 1.2
E5 Event P12 occurred in the presence of Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E6 Destruction P13 destroyed Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P15 was influenced by Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P16 used specific object Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E70 Thing) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P17 was motivated by Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E7 Activity P19 was intended use of Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E71 Man-Made Thing) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E8 Acquisition P24 transferred title of Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E10 Transfer of Custody P30 transferred custody of Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P140 assigned attribute to Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E13 Attribute Assignment P141 assigned Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E14 Condition Assessment P34 concerned Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E16 Measurement P39 measured Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E17 Type Assignment P41 classified Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing P46 is composed of Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E18 Physical Thing Q2 occupied Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a SP1 Phenomenal Spacetime Volume) CRMgeo version 1.2
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing P62 depicts Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E31 Document P70 documents Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E32 Authority Document P71 lists Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E36 Visual Item P138 represents Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E53 Place P157 is at rest relative to Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E63 Beginning of Existence P92 brought into existence Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E64 End of Existence P93 took out of existence Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E70 Thing P130 shows features of Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E70 Thing) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E79 Part Addition P111 added Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E80 Part Removal P113 removed Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E81 Transformation P123 resulted in Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E81 Transformation P124 transformed Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E77 Persistent Item) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E83 Type Creation P136 was based on Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P129 is about Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E89 Propositional Object P67 refers to Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P10 falls within Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P132 overlaps with Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E92 Spacetime Volume P133 is separated from Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
E93 Presence P166 was a presence of Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CIDOC-CRM version 6.2
histC1 Persistent item condition or characteristic histP4 pertainsTo Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E77 Persistent Item) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
histC2 Geographical localisation histP12 isLocationOf Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
Thing Thing topObjectProperty Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a Thing Thing) The OWL 2 SCHEMA vocabulary(OWL 2)
F29 Recording Event R65 recorded aspects of Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) FRBRoo version 2.4
F35 Nomen Use Statement R38 refers to thema Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F40 Identifier Assignment R45 assigned to Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F51 Pursuit R59 had typical subject Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
F52 Name Use Activity R63 named Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) FRBRoo version 2.4
SP3 Reference Space Q6 is at rest in relation to Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMgeo version 1.2
SP7 Declarative Spacetime Volume Q12 approximates Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CRMgeo version 1.2
histC10 Appellation for language histP9 isAppellationOf Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) Data for History ontology, v.0.1 ongoing
S1 Matter Removal O1 diminished (was diminished by) Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a S10 Material Substantial) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S2 Sample Taking O3 sampled from (was sample by) Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a S10 Material Substantial) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S4 Observation O16 observed value (value was observed by) Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S4 Observation O8 observed (was observed by) Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S6 Data Evaluation O11 described (was described by) Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S17 Physical Genesis O17 generated (was generated by) Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S18 Alteration O18 altered (was altered by) Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S19 Encounter Event O19 O19 has found object (was object found by) Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S21 Measurement O24 measured (was measured by) Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a S15 Observable Entity) CRMsci version 1.2.3
S22 Segment of Matter O23 is defined by (defines) Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) CRMsci version 1.2.3
A4 Stratigraphic Genesis AP9 took matter from Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a S10 Material Substantial) CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A7 Embedding AP18 is embedding of Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
A8 Stratigraphic Unit AP15 is or contains remains of Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMarchaeo version 1.4.1
socE Bond socP6 to Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E77 Persistent Item) CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing
socE Activity Plan socP100 planned for Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMsoc version 0.1 ongoing
D2 Digitization Process L1 digitized Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E18 Physical Thing) CRMdig version 3.2
D2 Digitization Process L60 documents Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2
D29 Annotation Object L43 annotates Physical Man-Made Thing – E24 (is a E1 CRM Entity) CRMdig version 3.2

Profiles using this class

Label Start date End date Last updated

Linked classes graph

Use mouse wheel to zoom in/out.

Comments